Is your child not sitting still, not completing tasks in time – both at home and also in school, not following what you say and not following directions? then it could be due to ADHD. If you do not pay attention and intervene early, it will hamper your child’s success at school and their relationship as well.
ADHD – Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is the most common neurodevelopmental disorder in children. The symptoms of which differ from person to person. The former name of this disorder was ADD – attention deficit disorder. The symptoms of this disorder usually begin in childhood. Children having this disorder are hyperactive, impulsive and inattentive. However, the symptoms may differ. Adults can also have ADHD, but the symptoms usually manifest during childhood.
The symptoms of ADHD may vary and are sometimes difficult to recognize. Most of the individual symptoms can be expected for any child – therefore, Paediatric neurologists evaluate a child using several criteria, prior to making a diagnosis of ADHD.
Younger children, teenagers and older children exhibiting symptoms may have ADHD – the symptoms of which would have been rather prominent during early life.
The most common symptoms of ADHD are as follows:
Inattentiveness – children find it difficult to pay attention – even when someone is directly speaking to them. They may pretend to be listening, but cannot repeat what you said to them.
Avoidance of tasks that require sustained mental efforts – This is common in school as well as at home. Therefore, they neither pay attention in class nor do their home works.
Forgetfulness – It is common in children with ADHD. They do not perform daily routine activities, lose toys and other stuff and forget to do their homework.
Exhibit Symptoms in more than one setting – They exhibit inattentiveness both in school and at home.
Difficulty in Organizing activities and tasks – They fail to keep track of all tasks and activities – such as prioritizing studies, home works, assignments, projects and other works.
Quietness – Children remain silent and ignore their surroundings and daydream and look into space. They do not involve other kids.
Commit Mistakes – They do not follow instructions – which lead to careless mistakes.
Self-focussed behaviour – children fail to recognize other people’s needs and desires and therefore interrupt others and do not wait for their turn.
Interrupt Others – while others are talking and involve in conversation or games, children interrupt them.
Trouble Waiting for their Turn – While playing and doing activities both in school and at home they have trouble waiting for their turn.
Difficulty in keeping emotions in check – They become angry at inappropriate times and exhibit temper tantrums.
Restlessness – Children with ADHD cannot remain still – always show hyperactivity – try to run and move around. Even if they are forced to sit in a chair, they exhibit fidgetiness.